Research & AnalysisAbout Drone

Introduction


Health and safety precautions

Seizure warning

Some people (about 1 in 4000) may have seizures or blackouts triggered by light flashes or patterns, such as while watching TV or playing video games, even if they have never had a seizure before.

Anyone who has had a seizure, loss of awareness, or other symptom linked to an epileptic condition should consult a doctor before playing a video game.

Parents should watch when their children play video games. Stop playing and consult a doctor if you or your child have any of the following symptoms: convulsions, eye or muscle twitching, loss of awareness, altered vision, involuntary movements, disorientation.

To reduce the likehood of a seizure when playing video games: Sit or stand as far from the screen as possible. Play video games on the smallest available television screen. Do not play if you are tired or need to sleep. Play in a well-lit room (indoor) or area (outdoor). Take an 10 to 15 minute break every hour.


Repetitive motion injuries and eyestrain

Playing video games can make your muscles, joint, skin or eyes hurt after a few hours. Follow these instructions to avoid problems such as tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, skin irritation or eyestrain;

avoid excessive play. It is recommended that parents monitor their children for appropriate play ; take a 10 to 15 minute break every hour, even if you don’t think you need it ; if your hands, wrists, arms or eyes become tired or sore while playing, stop and rest them for several hours before playing again ; if you continue to have some hands, wrists, arms or eyes during or after paly, stop playing and see a doctor.


Magnets

Not suitable for children under the age of 18. This product contains small magnets. If swallowed, the magnets may stick together in the intestines and cause serious injury. Consult a doctor immediately if the magnets are swallowed.


Use and maintenance

DRONE is not suitable for use by children under 18 years of age.
To fly the DRONE indoors install the hull in order to protect the DRONE in case of collision with any object.
You should keep the DRONE in sight at all times when operating it, in order, among others, to avoid injuries or damages to people, animals or property.
The use of the DRONE is some public areas (for instance train stations, trains, airports, aircrafts, etc.) may be prohibited. You should check whether the use of the DRONE is permitted before using it in public areas or public transport.
Always use your DRONE bearing in mind other people’s privacy.
When rotating, the propellers of the DRONE could cause injury to people, animals and property. You should not touch the DRONE when propellers are rotating and should wait until the propellers have completely stopped before handling the DRONE.
You should ensure that no-one is standing nearer than 1 meter (1 yard) from the DRONE when in operation and that at all times you keep a sufficient distance between the propellers and any person, animal or property.
You must keep the DRONE away from high voltage power lines, trees, buildings and any other potentially dangerous or hazardous areas.
The DRONE’s performance may be affected or significantly reduced and your Parrot AR.
Drone irreversibly damaged if:
you use the DRONE in unfavourable meteorological conditions (including but not limited to rain, wind, snow, fog, etc) or if visual conditions are not sufficient (e.g. operation of the Drone by night);
you use the DRONE in wet conditions (e.g. you should not land the DRONE on water or on a wet surface);
you allow sand or dust to penetrate the DRONE;
you obstruct the engine’s air vents;
you use spare parts and accessories other than those specified by Parrot, or
you use the DRONE near strong magnetic fields, radio waves or areas with strong radiations (this may prevent the camera of the DRONE from operating correctly). You should also avoid using your DRONE in areas subject to Wi-Fi® networks (such as for instance internet Wi-Fi routers or boxes etc.).


Warnings concerning the use of the battery

Lithium Polymer batteries are extremely hazardous and liable to cause serious injuries to persons or property. The user accepts liability for the use of a Lithium Polymer battery. As the manufacturer and the distributor cannot ensure the battery is used correctly (charging, discharging, storage, etc.), they cannot be held liable for damages caused to persons or property.
In the event of battery leakage, avoid the liquid coming into contact with skin and eyes.
In case of contact with the skin, wash copiously with soap and water. In case of contact with the eyes, rinse copiously with cold water and consult a doctor. If you notice a suspicious smell or noise or observe smoke around the charger, disconnect it immediately. Non-compliance with the instructions below could result in gas being given off, fire, electric shock or an explosion.


Usage and storage

Do not use the battery if the plastic cover has been torn or compromised in any way. Do not insert or remove the battery while the power is on. Do not expose the battery to excessive physical shock. Never use a swollen battery or a leaky battery, or one which is damaged or giving off a unusual odour. Keep the battery out of the reach of children.
Do not expose the battery to heat or dispose of a fire. Do not allow the battery to come into contact with any kind of liquid. Do not leave your device out in the rain or near a source of moisture. Do not put the battery in a microwave oven or in a pressurised container.
Do not attempt to dismantle, pierce, distort or cut the battery and do not attempt to repair the battery. Do not place any heavy objects on the battery or charger. Avoid dropping the battery.
Do not clean the charger with a solvent, denatured alcohol or other inflammable solvents.
It is essential to avoid short circuits. Avoid direct contact with the electrolyte contained within the battery. The electrolyte and electrolysis vapours are harmful to health.
Keep your device at ambient temperature. Do not expose your device to extreme temperatures. Do not subject your device to large temperature variations. Do not place your product near a source of heat.
Remove the battery when you are not using the device.
Disconnect the charger when you are not charging the battery.


Battery disposal

Discarding batteries in your general household waste can be harmful to the environment. Damaged or unusable batteries must be disposed of in a container specially reserved for this purpose. When disposing of the battery, follow appropriate local guidelines and regulations. For further information contact your local solid waste authority

Extra batteries – protection against counterfeiting

Using a counterfeit Lithium Polymer battery which does not meet the quality requirements can cause irreversible damages to the DRONE as well as serious injuries to persons or property.


Domestic animals

Avoid using the DRONE around domestic animals, particularly pet dogs. The DRONE incorporates an ultrasound altimeter (emission frequency: 40kHz). Ultrasonic waves are known to disturb certain domestic animals, most especially dogs. Using the DRONE in the company of a dog may lead to it behaving erratically or perhaps even dangerously.


Before you begin
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Drone Hull with guard rings(for indoor use)               Hull without guard(for outdoor use)

Remove the protective adhesive covers from the DRONE, the camera and the 2 hulls.

Keep the provided stickers. You will need to stick them on the indoor hull at the locations indicated with the small markings before playing the multi-player game.

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Checking the battery charge of the iPhone

In order to use the DRONE under optimal conditions, make sure that your iPhone's battery is fully charged. A weak or medium battery charge can lead to poorer performance of the DRONE (responsiveness to commands, quality of the video feed, etc.).


Indoor usage

Avoid flying the DRONE close to young children, domestic animals or fragile objects.

Install the hull with the guard rings in order to protect the DRONE if it collides with another object.

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Place the DRONE in the middle of a room (4m x 4m minimum) without obstacles. Step back to a distance of 1 metre behind the device (the front of the device is easy to identify because of the camera).


Outdoor usage

Do not use the DRONE in unfavourable meteorological conditions (rain, strong wind, snow) or if visibility conditions are inadequate (at night).

Although the automatic pilot can compensate for some turbulence caused by wind, avoid flying the DRONE in wind conditions of over 15 km/h.

Note: Keep in mind that the wind strength that you encounter where you are piloting the DRONE may well be different from the wind strength where the DRONE is actually flying. This may explain any unexpected changes in trajectory.

Install the hull without the guard rings.

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Set the DRONE on a flat dry surface in an area without any obstacles. Step back to a distance of 1 metre behind the device (the front of the device is easy to identify because of the camera).

In the Settings panel of the application, activate the Outdoor Shell and Outdoor Flight options.

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Meanings of the LED colours

The LED lights (light emitting diodes) are the little red or green lights on the device. There are 2 types of LED on the DRONE:

    the 4 motor LEDs located close to the propellers
    the system LED located on the belly of the DRONE.
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Motor LEDs
LED behaviour Meaning
The 4 LEDs are red Power is connected
Each LED flashes red, one after the other The motors are starting up.
The 4 LEDS flash green The DRONE is currently taking off or landing
The 2 front LEDs are green The 2 rear LEDs are red The DRONE is currently flying. These colours make it easy for you to distinguish the front and the rear of the DRONE (when at a distance from the device).
The 4 LEDS flash red and green The memory of the DRONE has just been erased by pressing on the Unpair button.

System LED

Wait for 20 seconds after having connected the battery to the DRONE, then check the colour of the system LED.
Note: Avoid turning the DRONE upside down when you check the colour of the system LED. It is better to simply raise it high enough to look underneath.
If the LED is green, you can take off
If after 20 seconds the LED is either red or orange, disconnect then reconnect the battery


Settings

Press on the icon to access the settings menu for the DRONE.


Button Used For..
OK Checking the modified settings
Flat Trim Resetting the value of the inertial unit to 0. Make sure that the DRONE is settled on a flat surface before pressing this button.
Clear Restoring the factory settings

pBasic settings
Button Used For..
OK Checking the modified settings
Flat Trim Resetting the value of the inertial unit to 0. Make sure that the DRONE is settled on a flat surface before pressing this button.
Clear Restoring the factory settings

Option Used For..
Accelero Disabled ON Activate / deactivate the use of the iPhone accelerometer to pilot the DRONE. If the accelerometer is disabled, a 2nd joystick replaces the bottom left button. Use this joystick to move the DRONE forwards / backwards or to the right / left.
Left handed OFF Activate / deactivate the left-handed mode. This mode allows you to reverse the iPhone commands.
Note: Deactivating the Pairing option has the same effect than pressing the Unpair button.
Pairing ON Delete the DRONE pairing with an iPhone. Deactivate the Pairing option to pair the DRONE with another iPhone.
SSID ardrone parrot Modify the name by which the DRONE will be known as by your iPhone and other Wi-Fi peripherals.
Note: You must exit the application, restart the DRONE, and re-establish the connection with the iPhone for the new name to be taken into account.
Altitude Limited OK Restricting the maximum altitude of the DRONE. If the option is activated, the DRONE will not be able to exceed an altitude of 3 metres. If the option is deactivated, the DRONE will be able to climb as high as your Wi-Fi signal strength allows. When the DRONE is on the point of exceeding that limit, it will automatically redescend to a height of about 6 metres.
Note: We recommend that you keep this option activated when your make your first flights with the DRONE.
Outdoor Shell OFF Select the hull currently installed on the DRONE. Activate this option if you have installed the outdoor hull (without guard rings) on the DRONE. .
Outdoor Flight OFF Select the type of flight that you wish to make with the AR.Drone Activate this option if you wish to use the DRONE outdoors, especially if there is any wind

Advanced settings

We recommend that you not modify these settings during your first flights with the DRONE. Wait until you are sufficiently experienced before you make piloting of the DRONE more responsive.
Before starting to modify these settings, make sure you fully understand the 3 types of movement described in the adjacent diagrams: Pitch, Roll and Yaw.

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In the event of problems Checking the IP address of the DRONE

Check the IP address of the DRONE after connection is established. To do this, select Settings > Wi-Fi then click on the arrow to the right of the "DRONE" network row.

An IP address starting with 192.168.1.X should appear in the IP field.image

If the IP address starts with 169, it will not be possible to establish a connection between the iPhone and the DRONE.image

This incorrect IP address may be due to several problems:


Erasing the pairing memory of the DRONE

Press the Unpair button using a fine-tipped object. You should hear a little "click". > The 4 LEDs located on the motors will flash alternately red and green.

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O2. n the 1st connected iPhone, turn the Wi-Fi off and back on.

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You can now connect the 2nd iPhone to the DRONE.


Restarting the DRONE

To restart the DRONE, just disconnect and reconnect the battery.

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Before you begin

Beyond a certain threshold point (~90° compared to horizontal), movements are not recognised by the iPhone's accelerometer.

We recommend that the iPhone be held in a position close to horizontal in order to avoid an uncomfortable or ineffective position if you should need to move the DRONE backwards quickly.

The position of the iPhone at the moment when you press on the left button is taken as its reference position

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Hand positions on the iPhone

The position of your hands on the iPhone may have an effect on the strength of the Wi-Fi signal.

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Colours of the LED lights

Check the colour of the system LED located on the bottom side of the DRONE.


Settings

Press theimagebutton then:

Make sure that the DRONE is settled on a flat surface and press Flat trim.
Select the hull that is currently installed on the DRONE and then the type of flight that you wish to make.
Press OK.


Taking off

Press theimagekey
The motors will start and the DRONE will automatically position itself at an altitude of between 50 cm and 1 m.


Piloting

Slide the joystick (bottom right) to the right / left to make the DRONE pivot to the right / left.

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Slide the joystick (bottom right) up / down to make the DRONE climb / descend in increments of 10 cm. Press and hold the joystick in the up / down position to make the DRONE continuously climb / descend

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Press and hold the bottom left button and tilt the iPhone to the right / left to move the DRONE to the right / left.

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Press and hold the bottom left button and tilt the iPhone forwards / backwards to move the DRONE forwards / backwards.

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Autopilot

If you remove your finger from the iPhone buttons, the autopilot fixes the DRONE’s position and keeps it in hover flight.


Switching cameras

Press the buttonimage to change the view of the DRONE and switch between the front camera and vertical camera.


Landing

Make sure that the DRONE is directly above a flat, dry and unobstructed surface and then press on the buttonimage

Status icons

Theimageicon indicates the Wi-Fi signal strength between the DRONE and the iPhone. The number of bars displayed is proportional to the signal strength.

Theimageicon indicates the remaining battery charge of the DRONE.


Error messages
Start-up problems
Message Explanation/Correction
WIFI NOT REACHABLE The iPhone WiFi is disabled.Activate WiFi on your iPhone. To do this, select Settings > Wi-Fi.
CAN’T CONNECT TO TOY The iPhone is not connected to the DRONE The iPhone has lost connection to the DRONE
START NOT RECEIVED The take off command has not been registered.Note: This message may appear then disappear straight away and the Drone takes off just after Restart the DRONE. If the problem persists, it may be necessary to replace the mother board.
NO VIDEO CONNECTION ALERT The video flows from the DRONE are not being sent to the iPhone.Check the connections of the video ribbon cables. View the repair videos for more information.

Alert messages

Note: Alert messages are simple warnings. They do not stop you controlling the DRONE.

Message Explanation/Correction
VISION ALERT The vertical camera cannot carry out a speed measurement. This problem can occur at low lighting levels.Note: The DRONE may drift horizontally without any action on your part.
Fly the DRONE at a height between 1 and 6m.
Use the DRONE in better lighting conditions.
ULTRASOUND ALERT The altitude measurement is not available.
The ultrasound signals are disturbed.
The device may fly too high or too low.
Note: The DRONE may climb or drop without any action on your part.
Fly the DRONE at a height between 1 and 6m.
Check that the altimeter is not obstructed (leaves, dust, etc.)
If the problem persists, it may be necessary to replace the navigation card.
BATTERY LOW ALERT The battery is nearly discharged Note: When the battery is discharged, the DRONE lands automatically.

Emergency messages

Note: Flying is not possible with an emergency message on the screen.

Message Explanation/Correction
MOTOR EMERGENCY Problem with one or more motors
Check the connections and state of the 4 motors.
Check if the latest update has been installed on the DRONE.
If the problem persists, it may be necessary to replace one or more motors.
USER EMERGENCY You have just pressed the emergency button
Place the DRONE on a flat surface and press the Reset button.
EMERGENCY CUT OUT One or more propellers blocked.
One or more gears blocked.
Check that the propellers turn correctly. Then place the DRONE on a flat surface and press the Reset button.
TOO MUCH ANGLE EMERGENCY The DRONE is tilted too much (e.g. an impact suffered during flight)
You have turned the DRONE over (e.g. to check the colour of the system LED)
Place the DRONE on a flat surface and press the Reset button
BATTERY LOW EMERGENCY The battery is discharged. Change or recharge the battery of the DRONE.

Disconnections during the flight

Distance

If the distance between the DRONE and the iPhone becomes too large (approximately over 50 metres, depending on the Wi-Fi environment), then the two devices may disconnect from each other. If this happens, do not close the application on the iPhone but move closer to the DRONE.

If the DRONE finds itself at an altitude greater than 6 m when it disconnects, the automatic pilot will reposition the DRONE at an altitude lower than 6 m.


Battery

The battery charge indicator on the iPhone screen indicates the remaining charge on the DRONE battery. The indicator will display red when the battery is weak. Battery life is around 12 minutes.

When the battery charge is too weak, you are invited to land the DRONE. If you do not, the DRONE will land itself automatically. In order to avoid inadvertent contact of the DRONE with any person,

domestic animal or other object, we recommend that you manually land the DRONE as soon as the battery charge indicates a low level of charge.


Phone calls/SMS

If you receive a phone call or an SMS while you are using the DRONE, the DRONE will automatically land.
If you accept the phone call or open the SMS, the flight application will close.
If you refuse the call or do not open the SMS, you may continue using the DRONE.
Note: Until such time as you accept or refuse an incoming phone call, the DRONE will remain blocked on its last command.


Calendar events

Check the calendar on the iPhone before using the DRONE. If you receive a reminder about an event programmed on your iPhone calendar while you are piloting the DRONE, then the DRONE will automatically land.


Interrupting the application

If you press on the Home button of the iPhone while piloting the DRONE, it will stabilise itself. Restart the application to take back control over the DRONE.


In the event of problems the Emergency button

In the event of any problems while piloting the DRONE, just press the Emergency button.

Warning: Only press on the Emergency button in a genuine emergency. The motors will immediately cut out and the DRONE will fall from whatever height it is currently at. In most scenarios, simply landing the DRONE is enough to resolve any problems.


The Reset button

A message on the iPhone may indicate that it is necessary to re-initialise the DRONE. In this case, press the Reset button.